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The COVID-19 pandemic sparked a wave of panic among investors in the early months of 2020, with many investors fleeing early-stage startup deals.
By March, almost one-third of investors had pulled out of UK seed funding deals amid fears that the pandemic was about to trigger a global recession, according to data from SeedLegals.
And new research – put together by coworking space Plexel and market database Beauhurst – has revealed that more than 1,000 startups have collapsed in the UK since.
The data shows a grand of 1,067 high-growth businesses filed for administration, liquidation or dissolution since the start of lockdown in the spring.
In an effort to save Britain’s burgeoning tech scene from going under, Chancellor Rishi Sunak devised a £250 million “Future Fund”, managed by the state-funded British Business Bank, and designed to save promising startups from the brink of collapse.
The scheme has handed out some £588.8 million ($700 million) in assistance to date, exceeding its original target, across 590 companies. But in spite of Sunak’s best intentions, some founders attacked the scheme’s “egregious terms”, and warned that it risked excluding already-marginalized founders from disadvantaged backgrounds.
Business Insider spoke to six UK startup founders that were forced to endure the pandemic without support from the Future Future. They shared experiences shot with tough calls, personal sacrifices, and determination.
Read their stories below: Soccer startup Flair revamped its entire business model to stay alive
Since launching in September 2018, “Flair Football”, as it was previously known, had attracted more than 20,000 young soccer players to its app, where they could create profiles, keep track of match outcomes, and swap skills.
But when Prime Minister Boris Johnson instituted a nationwide lockdown in March, outdoor sport was brought to a standstill – and Flair with it.
“The pandemic caught everyone off guard to some extent, but because our app relied on kids playing outdoor sport, we were hit particularly hard,” cofounder and CEO Nii Cleland told Business Insider.
With user numbers tanking and no end in sight, Cleland and the rest of Flair’s top team opted for a radical change in direction: shutting down the app and transforming the company from a sports platform to social enterprise, focuing on giving young people a voice on issues such as racial inequality.
Speaking about the decision, Cleland said: “We spoke to our board members and we were just completely honest. We put together a pitch where we pitted our current proposition versus the new one, and asked: ‘Who wants to stick with us?’
“You just have to be completely honest with yourself. Looking at the current situation, you have to think: ‘Would I try and start my company today, in this climate?’ If the answer’s no, it probably means you should do something else.”
Flair already has a number of partnerships with schools across the UK in place, and will start by surveying students and staff to better understand levels of racial inclusivity and awareness.
Asked about the Future Fund, Cleland said: “It was one of those things where…they couldn’t save every startup. They had to put some criteria in place, and in the end, it just didn’t make sense for us to pursue it.
“I mean, we furloughed our employees, and that’s a form of support in itself, we were really grateful for that. It bought us a lot of time.”
Farmstand’s CEO cut costs by shutting down its bricks-and-mortar operation
Since launching in 2016, plant-powered cloud catering startup Farmstand had raised more than $7 million in funding from the likes of Kindred Capital and Bray Capital.
Founded by serial entrepreneur Steven Novick, the firm boasted around 60 employees at its height – but was cut down to just 10 workers under COVID-19.
Under normal circumstances, Farmstand operated a “showroom” in Covent Garden, a popular London tourist destination, but Novick took the decision to divest from all its bricks-and-mortar operations and move the business entirely online in mid-March.
“We were totally shut down for three months,” he said. “To be candid, I sold my home and put the money straight back into the business.”
Months after selling his stake in a plush Primrose Hill property, where he had lived for the better part of 14 years, Farmstand was finally able to resume operations in July, distributing plant-powered, sustainable meals to outdoor markets en masse.
Asked about the Future Fund, he said there had been a “serious lack of communication” on the part of the government, and accused officials of “not caring about small businesses.”
A spokesman for the British Business Bank said “wherever possible [it] worked to provide a timely and clear explanation as to why applications did not meet the published criteria.”
In the past few weeks, Farmstand has crowdfunded more than £900,000 (or $1.1 million) on Seedrs – exceeding its target within the first two days – and has weeks of fundraising left to go.
“We’ve already signed a number of 12-month contracts with clients,” Novick said. “And we expect the next deal to tip us over into profitability.”
BYP – the online network for Black professionals – crowdfunded more than $1 million
With more than 40,000 members across 65 countries, BYP is the leading networking platform for Black professionals worldwide.
Despite its global presence, founder and CEO Kike Oniwinde was told BYP was ineligible for Future Fund support because it hadn’t raised £250,000 before April 19.
At the time of writing, BYP had successfully crowdfunded more than £820,000 – more than triple the required sum – on Seedrs, but remained ineligible because it wasn’t raised prior to that date.
“It doesn’t make a lot of sense,” Oniwinde told Business Insider. “I was disqualified straightaway because I hadn’t raised the money before this arbitrary deadline, even though we’ve now got close to a million in our pocket.
“We know we have issues with Black founders accessing investment in this country, so I was disappointed to see more thought hadn’t been put into how they would tackle that.
“But to be honest, we’re used to it … It’s like ‘OK whatever, we’ve been here before’. We just cracked on.”
A spokesperson for the British Business Bank told Business Insider that 64% of all funding granted had gone to startups with either BAME-only or mixed ethnicity senior management teams.
Insect farming startup Entocycle ditched its Series A round – but kept on raising funds
Entocycle, the insect farming startup working to make protein production more sustainable, is a Y Combinator alum and previously raised more than $3 million in funding.
But because that funding had come in the form of convertible loans and other means, rather than equity, the firm couldn’t apply for Future Fund support.
“Pretty much all YC companies would have missed out on the Fund under those terms,” said founder and CEO Keiran Whitaker.
“The scheme felt very piecemeal,” he added. “So many cutting-edge companies wouldn’t have been able to access this kind of support, despite being the best in their fields.”
With a nationwide lockdown preventing employees from traveling to France and tending to their insect colonies, Whitaker decided to put the brakes on their ongoing Series A funding round.
“We kept fundraising but switched to a ‘pre-Series A’ round, instead,” Whitaker told Business Insider, adding the company was set to close around $2 million in new investments.
“We managed to weather the storm, but we could definitely have done with that government support at the height of the crisis.”
Sustainable banking startup Yayzy says it made the best of a bad situation
Sustainable banking app Yayzy had only raised £120,000 (or $150,000) prior to the Future Fund’s announcement, and so couldn’t apply for government support.
“We made the best of a not-so-great situation,” cofounder and CEO Mankaran Ahluwalia told Business Insider.
“We decided to put our fundraising on hold, and instead focused a hundred per cent of our efforts on product development, and engaged more closely with our beta users.
“Fortunately, we’re starting to see the fruits of that effort.”
At the time of writing, the firm had surpassed its £200,000 crowdfunding target on Seedrs by an extra £55,000 – with 29 days of fundraising to go.
“I think the Future Fund and the furlough scheme were both good support measures, but the former’s eligibility criteria and did exclude a good number of startups.
“It would have been helpful if the Fund had been open to all startups that have gone through a previous funding round.”
A British Business Bank representative told Business Insider the Fund’s eligibility criteria had been determined by government in consultation with industry representatives.
Tutoring network startup Sophia rode the edtech boom under lockdown
Recent data shows the edtech sector has been booming under lockdown, with the number of investments in the sector up 1,700% in the UK, according to SeedLegals.
Tutoring network startup Sophia – cofounded by husband and wife team Melissa McBride, a former headteacher, and Dan Turner, a hedge fund manager – rode that wave, and has thus far crowdfunded more than £500,000 of investment.
“We’ve been really lucky. Now felt like the right time to supercharge the app,” Turner told Business Insider.
He added that although Sophia has seen more than £250,000 of investment in the past, the firm remained ineligible because it had come from their own pockets rather than coming from external backers.
“It’s been good because, fundamentally, I think parents are just much more open to the idea of online learning than they ever would have been before.”
With business booming, the four-person startup has plans for expansion, and hopes to hire a new chief marketer in the coming months.